Apraxia of speech
Pragmatic language ability involves the ability to appropriately use language (e.g., persuade, request, inform, reject), change language (e.g., talk differently to different audiences, provide background information to unfamiliar listeners, speak differently in different settings, etc) as well as follow conversational rules (e.g., take turns, introduce topics, rephrase sentences, maintain appropriate physical distance during conversational exchanges, use facial expressions and eye contact, etc) all of which culminate into the child’s general ability to appropriately interact with others in a variety of settings.
Fluency (Stuttering and Cluttering) and Voice Disorders
Voice is the pitch, quality, and loudness of voice. Voice disorders may be caused by vocal cord nodules, polyps, and paralysis, growths due to a virus, cancer, or disease, vocal abuse, and reflux. People may experience a hoarse or raspy voice, decreased ability to sing high notes, a deeper than normal voice, a raw achy throat, and/or an increased effort to talk.
Resonance is the modification of sound generated from the vocal cords. It is the quality of perceived sound during speech.
Speech Sound Disorders: Articulation and Phonological Processes
Speech is the ability to express thoughts and feelings by articulating sounds. It is part of natural development for children to make mistakes and use sounds incorrectly. Children may demonstrate a speech sound disorder if the inaccurate productions of sounds exceeds the expected level of achievement provided their age and gender.
Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol
TalkTools Oral Motor program